The term, hydroponics, is rooted in the old Greek word, “hydros,” or water, and “ponos,” or work. Sometimes, it is mistakenly referred to as aquiculture or aquaculture, terms that are more appropriatefor other fields of science that are totally unrelated to gardening.
As the world population rises and suitable land availability for crop production drops, hydroponics will provide us a lifeline, letting us to produce crops eitherin greenhouses or in multilevel structures devoted to agriculture.
Hydroponics is defined as the process of growing plants in a nutrient-infused water based solution. Hydroponics does not involve soil; instead, its root system is supported with perlite, rockwool, peat moss, vermiculite or any suitable inert medium. The key principle behind hydroponics is to directly expose the plants roots to the nutrient solution and simultaneously give it access to oxygen, a basic requirement for healthy growth.
Before getting started on your garden, take time to know and understand more about hydroponics.
Hydroponics provides several advantages, the most crucial of which is plant growth at a substantially higher rate. With the right setup, you can have your plants maturing up to 25% faster and producing up to 30% more compared to growing them in soil.
This is essentially because plants don’t have to work so much to access their required nutrients. Even a tiny root system can provide everything the plant needs, allowing it to focus on growing upstairs, as opposed to expanding the downstairs root system.
This is only possible though if you control your nutrient solution carefully, along with its pH levels. A hydroponic system will utilize less water than soil-based plants as well, and it is because the system is enclosed, leading to reduced evaporation. And of course, hydroponics is better for the environment, thanks to its reduced waste and pollution coming from soil runoff.
Hydroponics is a great option for all kinds of growers. That’s because you can precisely control the variables that are involved in your plants’ growth. Compared to a soil-based garden, a well-maintained hydroponic system will amaze your with its results, both in terms of plant quality and the amount of produce yielded.
If you dream of growing the largest, juiciest, tastiest plants, hydroponics is surely for you. It does seem intimidating at first when you think of all that equipment and work required, but once you get the hang of it, you will find that it’s actually easier than you thought. The key is to fill yourself with knowledge from reading and from actually talking to an expert if possible.